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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Danish

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Danish language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bat

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

da

t

19

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

mad, thriller

T

17

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fat

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

gat

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

hat

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

jo

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

kat

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

ladt

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

mat

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

nay

t

19

ŋ

N

velar nasal

lang

k

20

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pande

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

thriller, story

r

13

ʁ

R

voiced uvular fricative

rat

k

20

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

sat

s

15

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tal

t

19

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vat

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

hav, weekend

u

7

VOWELS

ø

2

close-mid front rounded vowel

øst

o

3

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

øse

o

3

ɐ

6

near-open central vowel

mor

a

1

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

skøn, grønt

O

3

œː

9:

long open-mid front rounded vowel

høne, gøre

O

3

ə

@

mid central vowel

ane

@

8

æː

{:

long near-open front unrounded vowel

male

a

1

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

man

a

1

æ

{

near-open front unrounded vowel

adresse

a

1

ɑ

A

open back unrounded vowel

lak, tak

a

1

ɑː

A:

long open back unrounded vowel

rase

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

midt

e

4

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

mele

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

mæt

E

5

ɛː

E:

long open-mid front unrounded vowel

mæle

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

mit

i

6

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

mile

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

foto

o

3

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

mole

o

3

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

mund

O

3

ɔː

O:

long open-mid back rounded vowel

måle

O

3

ɒː

Q:

long open back rounded vowel

morse

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

lusk

u

7

u:

long close back rounded vowel

mule

u

7

ʌ

V

open-mid back unrounded vowel

kører

E

5

y

y

close front rounded vowel

yt

u

7

y:

long close front rounded vowel

hyle

u

7

 
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