For Developers

Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for German

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech German language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

ʔ

?

glottal stop

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

Bein

p

21

ç

C

voiceless palatal fricative

ich

k

20

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

Dach

t

19

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

Vogel

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

Gabel

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

Haus

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

jemand

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

Kleid

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

Loch

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

Milch

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

Natur

t

19

ŋ

N

velar nasal

klingen

k

20

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

Park

p

21

ʁ

R

voiced uvular fricative

Regen

k

20

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

Messer

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

Schild

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

Topf

t

19

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

Wasser

f

18

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

kochen

k

20

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

See

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

Orange

S

16

VOWELS

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

böse

o

3

ɐ

6

near-open central vowel

besser

a

1

ɐ̯

6_^

non-syllabic near-open central vowel

Klar

a

1

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

können

O

3

ə

@

mid central vowel

Rede

@

8

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

Salz

a

1

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

Sahne

a

1

aI

diphtong

nein

a

1

aU

diphtong

Augen

a

1

ɑ̃

A~

nasal open back unrounded vowel

Restaurant

a

1

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

Rede

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

Keller

E

5

ɛ̃

E~

nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel

Terrain

E

5

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

Lied

i

6

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

bitte

i

6

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

Kohl

o

3

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

Koffer

O

3

ɔ̃

O~

nasal open-mid back rounded vowel

Annonce

O

3

ɔʏ

OY

diphtong

neu

O

3

u:

long close back rounded vowel

Bruder

u

7

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

Wunder

u

7

y:

long close front rounded vowel

kühl

u

7

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

Küche

u

7

 
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