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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for American English

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech American English language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bed

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dig

t

19

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

jump

S

16

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

then

T

17

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

five

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

game

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

house

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

yes

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

cat

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lay

t

19

l=

syllabic alveolar lateral approximant

battle

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

mouse

p

21

m=

syllabic bilabial nasal

anthem

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

nap

t

19

n=

syllabic alveolar nasal

aidan

t

19

ŋ

N

velar nasal

thing

k

20

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

speak

p

21

ɹ

r\

alveolar approximant

red

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

seem

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

ship

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

trap

t

19

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

chart

S

16

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

thin

T

17

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vest

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

west

u

7

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zero

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

vision

S

16

VOWELS

ə

@

mid central vowel

arena

@

8

æ

{

near-open front unrounded vowel

trap

a

1

aI

diphtong

price

a

1

aU

diphtong

mouth

a

1

ɑː

A:

long open back unrounded vowel

father

a

1

eI

diphtong

face

e

4

ɝ

3`

open-mid central unrounded r-coloured vowel

nurse

E

5

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

dress

E

5

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

fleece

i

6

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

kit

i

6

oU

diphtong

goat

o

3

ɔː

O:

long open-mid back rounded vowel

thought

O

3

ɔɪ

OI

diphtong

choice

O

3

u:

long close back rounded vowel

goose

u

7

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

foot

u

7

ʌ

V

open-mid back unrounded vowel

strut

E

5

 
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