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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for French

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech French language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

boire

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

madame

t

19

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

femme

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

grand

k

20

ɥ

H

labial-palatal approximant

bruit

u

7

j

j

palatal approximant

meilleur

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

quatre

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

malade

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

maison

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

astronome

t

19

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

baigner

J

16

ŋ

N

velar nasal

parking

k

20

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pomme

p

21

ʀ

R\

uvular trill

amoureux

k

20

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

santé

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

chat

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

téléphone

t

19

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vrai

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

soir

u

7

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

raison

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

aubergine

S

16

VOWELS

ø

2

close-mid front rounded vowel

deux

o

3

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

neuf

O

3

œ̃

9~

nasal open-mid front rounded vowel

brun

O

3

ə

@

mid central vowel

je

@

8

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

table

a

1

ɑ̃

A~

nasal open back unrounded vowel

camembert

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

marché

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

neige

E

5

ɛ̃

E~

nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel

sapin

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

mille

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

homme

o

3

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

hôpital

O

3

ɔ̃

O~

nasal open-mid back rounded vowel

bon

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

sous

u

7

y

y

close front rounded vowel

dur

u

7

 
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