For Developers

Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Icelandic

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Icelandic language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

grasbakkanum

p

21

c

c

voiceless palatal plosive

pakkin

k

20

c_h

aspirated voiceless palatal plosive

anarkistai

k

20

ç

C

voiceless palatal fricative

héðan

k

20

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

bóndi

t

19

ð

D

voiced dental fricative

borð

T

17

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

duft

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

holgóma

k

20

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

hugur

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

heili

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

jökull

i

6

k_h

aspirated voiceless velar plosive

ósköpunum

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lf

t

19

l_0

voiceless alveolar lateral approximant

lk

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

september

p

21

m_0

voiceless bilabial nasal

kompa

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

númer

t

19

n_0

voiceless alveolar nasal

ntun

t

19

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

pælingar

J

16

ŋ

N

velar nasal

ngvarann

k

20

ŋ̊

N_0

voiceless velar nasal

frænka

k

20

p_h

aspirated voiceless bilabial plosive

afplánun

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

afskrifta

r

13

r_0

voiceless alveolar trill

andvörpum

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

baðhús

s

15

t_h

aspirated voiceless alveolar plosive

tanki

t

19

θ

T

voiceless dental fricative

þeldökki

T

17

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

silfur

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

u

7

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

samfélags

k

20

VOWELS

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

þröskuldinum

O

3

œː

9:

long open-mid front rounded vowel

tvö

O

3

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

nefna

a

1

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

fara

a

1

au

au

diphtong

átta

a

1

auː

au:

diphtong

átján

a

1

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

kennari

E

5

ɛː

E:

long open-mid front unrounded vowel

dreka

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

Gúlíver

i

6

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

þrír

i

6

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

samspil

i

6

ɪː

I:

long near-close near-front unrounded vowel

stig

i

6

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

regndropar

O

3

ɔː

O:

long open-mid back rounded vowel

ullarbolur

O

3

ɔu

Ou

diphtong

tólf

O

3

ɔuː

Ou:

diphtong

fjórir

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

stúlkan

u

7

u:

long close back rounded vowel

frú

u

7

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

tíu

u

7

ʏː

Y:

long near-close near-front rounded vowel

gruninn

u

7

 
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