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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Dutch

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Dutch language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bak

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dak

t

19

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

manager

S

16

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fel

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

goal

k

20

ɣ

G

voiced velar fricative

hoed

k

20

ɦ

h\

voiced glottal fricative

hand

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

ja

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

kap

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

land

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

met

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

net

t

19

ŋ

N

velar nasal

bang

k

20

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pak

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

rand

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

sein

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

show

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tak

t

19

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vel

f

18

ʋ

v\

labiodental approximant

wit

f

18

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

toch

k

20

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zijn

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

bagage

S

16

VOWELS

øː

2:

long close-mid front rounded vowel

neus

o

3

œy

9y

diphtong

buit

O

3

ə

@

mid central vowel

de

@

8

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

baad

a

1

ɑ

A

open back unrounded vowel

bad

a

1

e:

long close-mid front unrounded vowel

beet

e

4

ɜː

3:

long open-mid central unrounded vowel

barrière

E

5

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

bed

E

5

ɛi

Ei

diphtong

beet

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

vier

i

6

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

pit

i

6

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

boot

o

3

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

pot

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

hoed

u

7

ʌu

Vu

diphtong

fout

E

5

y:

long close front rounded vowel

fuut

u

7

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

hut

u

7

 
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