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IVONA Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Polish

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by IVONA Text-to-Speech Polish language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bobas, belka

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dar, do

t

19

d͡z

dz

voiced alveolar affricate

dzwon, widzowie

s

15

d͡ʑ

dz\

voiced alveolo-palatal affricate

więk, łó

J

16

d͡ʐ

dz`

voiced retroflex affricate

em, ungla

S

16

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

furtka, film

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

gazeta, waga

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

chleb, handel

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

jak, maja

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

kura, marek

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lipa, alicja

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

matka, molo

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

norka, nie

t

19

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

koń, toruń

J

16

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pora, stop

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

rok, park

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

sum, pas

s

15

ɕ

s\

voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative

śruba, śnieg

J

16

ʂ

s`

voiceless retroflex fricative

szum, masz

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tok, stół

t

19

t͡s

ts

voiceless alveolar affricate

car, co

s

15

t͡ɕ

ts\

voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

ćma, mieć

J

16

t͡ʂ

ts`

voiceless retroflex affricate

czas, raczej

S

16

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

worek, mewa

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

łaska, mało

u

7

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zero, bez

s

15

ʑ

z\

voiced alveolo-palatal fricative

źrebię, bieliźnie

J

16

ʐ

z`

voiced retroflex fricative

żar, żona

S

16

VOWELS

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

ja

a

1

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

echo

E

5

ɛ̃

E~

nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel

węże

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

ile

i

6

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

oczy

O

3

ɔ̃

O~

nasal open-mid back rounded vowel

wąż

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

uczta

u

7

ɨ

1

close central unrounded vowel

byk

i

6