For Developers

Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for European Portuguese

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech European Portuguese language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

pira

t

19

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bato

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dato

t

19

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

facto

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

gato

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

paraguay

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

cacto

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

galo

t

19

ʎ

L

palatal lateral approximant

galho

J

16

m

m

bilabial nasal

mato

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

nato

t

19

ɲ

J

palatal nasal

pinha

J

16

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pato

p

21

ʀ

R\

uvular trill

barroso

k

20

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

saca

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

chato

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tacto

t

19

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

vaca

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

mau

u

7

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

zaca

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

jacto

S

16

VOWELS

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

parto

a

1

a~

nasal open front unrounded vowel

pensamos

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

pega

e

4

e~

nasal close-mid front unrounded vowel

movem

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

café

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

lingueta

i

6

i~

nasal close front unrounded vowel

cinto

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

poder

o

3

o~

nasal close-mid back rounded vowel

compra

o

3

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded vowel

cotó

O

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

fui

u

7

u~

nasal close back rounded vowel

sunto

u

7

 
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