For Developers

Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Romanian

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Romanian language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

bubă

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

după

t

19

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

george

S

16

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

afacere

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

agriș

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

harpă

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

baie

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

c

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lampa

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

mama

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

nor

t

19

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

pilă

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

rampă

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

soare

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

mașină

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

tata

t

19

t͡s

ts

voiceless alveolar affricate

țară

s

15

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

ceai

S

16

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

viață

f

18

w

w

labial-velar approximant

beau

u

7

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

mozol

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

joacă

S

16

VOWELS

ə

@

mid central vowel

babă

@

8

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

casa

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

elan

e

4

e_^

non-syllabic close-mid front unrounded vowel

beau

e

4

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

mie

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

o

o

3

o̯a

o_^a

diphtong

oare

o

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

unde

u

7

ɨ

1

close central unrounded vowel

România

i

6

 
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