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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Russian

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Russian language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

борт

p

21

b'

palatalized voiced bilabial plosive

бюро

p

21

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

дом

t

19

d'

palatalized voiced alveolar plosive

дядя

t

19

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

флаг

f

18

f'

palatalized voiceless labiodental fricative

февраль

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

нога

k

20

ɡʲ

g'

palatalized voiced velar plosive

герой

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

дизайн, ящик

i

6

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

кот

k

20

k'

palatalized voiceless velar plosive

кино

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

лампа

t

19

l'

palatalized alveolar lateral approximant

лес

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

мама

p

21

m'

palatalized bilabial nasal

мяч

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

нос

t

19

n'

palatalized alveolar nasal

няня

t

19

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

папа

p

21

p'

palatalized voiceless bilabial plosive

перо

p

21

r

r

alveolar trill

роза

r

13

r'

palatalized alveolar trill

рюмка

r

13

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

сыр

s

15

s'

palatalized voiceless alveolar fricative

сердце, русь

s

15

ɕ:

s\:

long voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative

щека

J

16

ʂ

s`

voiceless retroflex fricative

шум

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

точка

t

19

t'

palatalized voiceless alveolar plosive

тётя

t

19

t͡s

ts

voiceless alveolar affricate

царь

s

15

t͡ɕ

ts\

voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate

час

J

16

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

вор

f

18

v'

palatalized voiced labiodental fricative

верфь

f

18

x

x

voiceless velar fricative

хор

k

20

x'

palatalized voiceless velar fricative

химия

k

20

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

зуб

s

15

z'

palatalized voiced alveolar fricative

зима

s

15

ʑ:

z\:

long voiced alveolo-palatal fricative

уезжать

J

16

ʐ

z`

voiced retroflex fricative

жена

S

16

VOWELS

ə

@

mid central vowel

канарейка

@

8

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

два, яблоко

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

печь

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

это

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

один, четыре

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

кот

o

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

муж, вьюга

u

7

ɨ

1

close central unrounded vowel

мыш

i

6

 
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