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Ivona Text-to-Speech phonetic alphabet support for Turkish

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes and their corresponding visemes accepted and produced by Ivona Text-to-Speech Turkish language voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme

CONSONANTS

ɾ

4

alveolar flap

durum

t

19

ɾ̝̊

4_0_r

voiceless fricated alveolar flap

bir

t

19

ɾ̝

4_r

fricated alveolar flap

raf

t

19

b

b

voiced bilabial plosive

balık

p

21

c

c

voiceless palatal plosive

kedi

k

20

d

d

voiced alveolar plosive

dede

t

19

d͡ʒ

dZ

voiced postalveolar affricate

cam

S

16

f

f

voiceless labiodental fricative

fare

f

18

ɡ

g

voiced velar plosive

galibi

k

20

h

h

voiceless glottal fricative

hasta

k

20

j

j

palatal approximant

yat

i

6

ɟ

J\

voiced palatal plosive

genç

J

16

k

k

voiceless velar plosive

akıl

k

20

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

lale

t

19

ɫ

5

velarized alveolar lateral approximant

labirent

t

19

m

m

bilabial nasal

maaş

p

21

n

n

alveolar nasal

anı

t

19

p

p

voiceless bilabial plosive

ip

p

21

s

s

voiceless alveolar fricative

ses

s

15

ʃ

S

voiceless postalveolar fricative

aşı

S

16

t

t

voiceless alveolar plosive

ütü

t

19

t͡ʃ

tS

voiceless postalveolar affricate

çaba

S

16

v

v

voiced labiodental fricative

ekvator, kahveci, akvaryum, isveçli, teşviki, cetvel

f

18

ʋ

v\

labiodental approximant

ver

f

18

z

z

voiced alveolar fricative

azık

s

15

ʒ

Z

voiced postalveolar fricative

jandarma

S

16

VOWELS

ø

2

close-mid front rounded vowel

göl

o

3

œ

9

open-mid front rounded vowel

banliyö

O

3

a

a

open front unrounded vowel

kal

a

1

a:

long open front unrounded vowel

dava

a

1

æ

{

near-open front unrounded vowel

özlem, güvenlik, gürel, somersault

a

1

e

e

close-mid front unrounded vowel

keçi

e

4

ɛ

E

open-mid front unrounded vowel

dede

E

5

i

i

close front unrounded vowel

bir

i

6

i:

long close front unrounded vowel

izah

i

6

ɪ

I

near-close near-front unrounded vowel

keçi

i

6

ɯ

M

close back unrounded vowel

kıl

i

6

o

o

close-mid back rounded vowel

kol

o

3

o:

long close-mid back rounded vowel

dolar

o

3

u

u

close back rounded vowel

durum

u

7

u:

long close back rounded vowel

ruhum

u

7

ʊ

U

near-close near-back rounded vowel

dolu

u

7

y

y

close front rounded vowel

güvenlik

u

7

ʏ

Y

near-close near-front rounded vowel

ı

u

7

 
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