IVONA For Developers

Develop with IVONA Text-to-Speech.

Polish

The chart below presents the full set of IPA and X-SAMPA phonemes accepted by IVONA 2 Text-to-speech Polish voices.

IPA X-SAMPA Description Examples Viseme SAPI Viseme
CONSONANTS
b
b
voiced bilabial plosive
bobas; belka
p
21
d
d
voiced alveolar plosive
dar; do
t
19
d͡z
dz
voiced alveolar affricate
dzwon; widzowie
s
15
d͡ʑ
dz\
voiced alveolo-palatal affricate
więk; łó
J
16
d͡ʐ
dz`
voiced retroflex affricate
em; ungla
S
16
f
f
voiceless labiodental fricative
furtka; film
f
18
ɡ
g
voiced velar plosive
gazeta; waga;
k
20
h
h
voiceless glottal fricative
chleb; handel
k
20
j
j
palatal approximant
jak; maja
i
6
k
k
voiceless velar plosive
kura; marek
k
20
l
l
alveolar lateral approximant
lipa; alicja
t
19
m
m
bilabial nasal
matka; molo
p
21
n
n
alveolar nasal
norka; nie
t
19
ɲ
J
palatal nasal
koń; toruń
J
16
p
p
voiceless bilabial plosive
pora; stop
p
21
r
r
alveolar trill
rok; park
r
13
s
s
voiceless alveolar fricative
sum; pas
s
15
ɕ
s\
voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative
śruba; śnieg
J
16
ʂ
s`
voiceless retroflex fricative
szum; masz
S
16
t
t
voiceless alveolar plosive
tok; stół
t
19
t͡s
ts
voiceless alveolar affricate
car; co
s
15
t͡ɕ
ts\
voiceless alveolo-palatal affricate
ćma; mieć
J
16
t͡ʂ
ts`
voiceless retroflex affricate
czas; raczej
S
16
v
v
voiced labiodental fricative
worek; mewa
f
18
w
w
labial-velar approximant
łaska; mało
u
7
z
z
voiced alveolar fricative
zero; bez
s
15
ʑ
z\
voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
źrebię; bieliźnie
J
16
ʐ
z`
voiced retroflex fricative
żar; żona
S
16
VOWELS
a
a
open front unrounded vowel
ja
a
1
ɛ
E
open-mid front unrounded vowel
echo
E
5
ɛ̃
E~
nasal open-mid front unrounded vowel
węże
E
5
i
i
close front unrounded vowel
ile
i
6
ɔ
O
open-mid back rounded vowel
oczy
O
3
ɔ̃
O~
nasal open-mid back rounded vowel
wąż
O
3
u
u
close back rounded vowel
uczta
u
7
ɨ
1
close central unrounded vowel
byk
i
6